Jute Fiber | Long Staple Vgetable Fiber | Jute Fiber Classification, Characteristics and Uses

Posted by Firoz Kabir on Saturday, June 22, 2013 0


Jute Fiber: Jute fibers are obtained from the genus Corchorus of the order Tiliaceae. There are two species of the order cultivated for the sake of their fibers, name Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorious, both of which are found growing naturally throughout the tropics.
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Jute is a prolonged, delicate, golden shiny as well as soft vegetable fiber. It is used to spin into coarse thread which are applicable to produce burlap, hessian as well as gunny material. It is one of the most affordable organic natural fiber and it is subsequent merely to silk or cotton in volume produced as well as number of employs associated with this fiber. Jute fiber is comprised of cellulose, hemi-cellulose and lignin, where percentage of cellulose is more but compare to cotton it is little bit lower. Jute is a bast fiber as it is compiled through bast as well as skin tone on the plant. Jute fibers are off-white to brown and golden in color. Once most of the world's supply of jute came from Bangladesh where it was cultivated in the alluvial soils of the the delta regions of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra. Bangladesh cultivated world's best jute and made jute products as well and earned more foreign currency by exporting them. As it  was prime exporting product to earn foreign money in Bangladesh, so it was as named as Golden Fiber of Bangladesh.


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Chemical Constituents of Jute:
Components
Percentage
Cellulose
64%




Hemi-Cellulose
22%
Lignin
13.5%
Ash and others
0.6%
Composition of Lipids
0.4%




Classifications of Jute: 
Jute is mainly classified into two types.

1. White Jute
2.Tossa Jute

According to geographical distribution as outlined by Bangladesh and spinning execution, Jute may be classified into the followings-

  1. Jat Jute
  2. District Jute
  3. Northern Jute

1. Jat Jute:

Jat would be the best excellent jute together with corporation
It has beneficial color and duration
It's got beneficial hold on their owners

This type of jute fiber develops inside the area connected with Mymensingh, Dhaka and Comilla.

2. District Jute:
District jute is usually all-around jat with excellent.

Your fiber is not consistent with textures and strands
The colour differs from light-weight ream to be able to boring gray
The duration is usually smaller.

It can befound a couple of sorts of District jute. That they are-
  • Hard district Jute
  • Smooth or soft district Jute

Hard District Jute:
Hard is better in quality in comparison with soft. That primarily develops inside the area connected with Faridpur

Soft District Jute:
This type of jute develops with area connected with Noakhali, Pabna, Barisal, Jessor, Khulna, Sylhet, Reduced Comilla, Chittagong and some section of Dhaka.

3.Northern Jute:
Northern jute is usually connected with relatively poor excellent.
This type of  fiber is usually dull-colored
It has medium length and  it is vulnerable.

This type of jute develops with District connected with Rangpur, Dinajpur, Bogra and Rajshahi.

Characteristics of Jute Fiber: 
1. Jute fiber is hundred percent bio-degradable along with recyclable and so environmentally friendly.

2. It features lower pesticide along with fertilizer requirements.

3. It is a natural vegetable fiber having golden and silky shine so because of this named The Golden Fiber.

4. It's the most cheap vegetable fiber acquired in the bast as well as pores and skin with the plant's base.

5. It's the 2nd most important vegetable fiber right after 100 % cotton, with regards to the utilization, worldwide use, manufacturing, along with accessibility.

6. It has substantial tensile strength, lower extensibility, along with assuring superior breath ability involving fabric. Thus, jute is quite acceptable within farming commodity. 

7. It can help to make quality industrial yarn, cloth, net, along with sacks. This is probably the most functional healthy fibers that's been utilized in recycleables pertaining to appearance, fabrics, non-textile, building, along with farming significant.  

8. The most effective way to obtain jute on this planet is the Bengal Delta Ordinary inside Ganges Delta, most of which is active by means of Bangladesh. 

9.Features of jute contain excellent insulation along with antistatic attributes, in addition to obtaining lower arctic conductivity as well as a good moisture regain. Additional aspects of jute contain traditional insulation attributes along with produce without the need of pores and skin pain


Defects in Jute Fiber:
Rooty Jute: with these kinds of jute the low areas of jute that will fire incorporate barks.

Specky jute: This specific problem occurs as a result of inadequate cleanup which causes this surface barks to help adhere in some places

Croppy Jute: This is a problem the place that the top end with the nutritional fiber becomes hard in addition to tricky. Most commonly it is brought on by dangerous steeping.

Knotty jute: This jute muscle incorporates knots with sites in fact it is brought on by insect pest chew as well as punctures.

Dead Fiber: As a result of long time storage with dumped situation, this nutritional fiber gets unexciting shade power in addition to getting lower strength.

Runners: This is a problem exactly happen due to over rotting and unconscious washing. This may cause problem to separate the individual fiber.

Hunka: This problem appears on by non-removal regarding dried out bottom in addition to tricky will bark through the muscle.

Mossy jute: Muscle from short plants which cannot be appropriately removed in addition to washed incorporate shattered part of jute sticks etc.

Heart destruction: Duration of baling the amount of excess moisture into the bales may cause this type of problem. The center with the bale gets poorly tendered and diminished the fibers as well.



Physical Properties:

Length: Jute fibers are very long natural fiber, ranging between 150 cm to 300 cm.The individual fibrils are from 1.5 to 4 mm in length.

Tenacity/Strength: Strength of jute fiber is lower than that of cotton or other natural fiber. It has a moderate tenacity that is 5 to 8 gm/denier.

Density: Density of jute fiber is 1.4 to 1.5 gm/cc

Elastic property: Elasticity of this fiber is very low. Extension before breaking of it is 2 percent.

Moisture Regain: It has a moderate moisture regain percentage. It is 13.75 as standard.

Color: Color of jute fiber depends on geographic area, maturity, rotting, and proper washing. Yellowish, Yellow, Golden and Brown as well creamy white colors are seen frequently.

Abrasion Resistance: Abrasion resistance power of jute is not so good.


Chemical properties: Chemically, jute differs from the other multicellular fibers in containing a considerable proportion of lignin, which usually accompanies cellulose in woody tissues. Lignin stains yellow with an aqueous solution of aniline sulphate and hydrochloric acid.

Jute is difficult to bleach, since it suffers degradation when treated with chlorine, especially in alkaline in solutions. It has excellent mildew resistance power in comparison with cotton or other natural fiber.

Jute differs from other natural fibers in having a moderately good affinity for basic dyes.


End Uses:
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  • Jute is the most important natural fiber after cotton. It is very affordable to make cloths, sacks, carpets, bags, ropes, yarn and coasters.
     
  • Cloth that are made from jute can use to wrapping cotton bales as well as any construction protector.
     
  • It is also used to bedding foundation, boot and show linings and tailors back packing.
     
  • Camp beds, tarpaulins, cables, filter cloths, fuse yarns and hand bags as well all types of stiff bags are made from jute.
     
  • Jute is actually on a regular basis used in the actual production regarding clothing, specially sweaters in addition to under garments. Its soft fabric nature is known to be very comfortable to the person wearing it and therefore, reputation intended for jute clothing provides more than doubled throughout the last few years
     
  • Hessian, light compared to sacking is utilized for bag and baggage, wrappers, wall-coverings, upholstery, in addition to home furnishings.
    Sacking, a new textile crafted from hefty jute fibers, has its easy use in the label.
     
  • Typically jute has been found in conventional fabric machineries while fabric materials getting cellulose (vegetable fibers content) as well as lignin (wood fibers content). However, this main development came up when the automobile, pulp as well as paper, and also the furnishings as well as bedding companies began to use jute and allied materials with their non-woven, technical textiles as well as composites.
     
  • The versatile use of jute fiber makes diversified products are becoming more and more valuable to the consumer today. Among these are espadrilles, soft sweaters and cardigans, floor coverings, home textiles, high performance technical textiles, Geotextiles, composites, and more.
  • The sticks gather after taking fiber is used as local fuel material for cooking purpose.
Textile Aid - Fiber, Spinning, Fabric, Dyeing, Garments & Merchandising

About the Author

Md. Firoz Kabir(M.Sc in Textile Engineering)

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