Garments Making Flowchart | Operations of Garments Making

Posted by Firoz Kabir on Tuesday, December 17, 2013 0

RMG (Ready Made Garments) is the final product of textile. Buyers given their required design to manufacturers, then FOB prices, fabric and other trims sourcing as per nominated supplier or local products (Frequently happen in case of knit). To make a garment some consecutive processes are to be done successively. Now know the garments making flowchart and process operations. RMG factories are scheduled with a common processing sequence to make and export. Flowchart of garments making must know as if you a merchandiser because you have to make time and action plan according to the setup of your factory. The operations involves there from development to ship the goods have been given in a flowchart of garments making. Q33TZ7QZJ82W

Garments are made with the below successive processes. Operations involves in garments making are given bellow



Operation
Job
Method

Tech Pack /PDM /Design
TP or PDM (Product Development Manual) is formerly given by buyer containing sketches, construction and measurement chart for a particular style of garments.

Manual/ Computerized

Basic Block/ Block Pattern
Basic block or block pattern is also given by buyer in some cases to make a style easy, it is featured with individual component of garments without considering allowances.

Manual/ Computerized
Working Pattern/ Garments Pattern
When a pattern is made for a particular style with net dimension regarding the basic block along with allowances then it is called a working pattern or garment pattern.

Manual/ Computerized
Sample Garments
By following TP and pattern, sample is made, send to buyer for reviewing and receive comments for final (Sample will be made till buyer satisfaction)  and go into production

Manual
Approved Sample
Different types of samples are made before starting production such as development, fit, wash, pp, GPT or Lab test. Once the sample approved by the buyer, then it is treated as approved sample as a final counter for bulk production

Manual

Costing
  • Fabric Cost
  • CM (Cost of Making)
  • Trims Cost
  • Wash Cost
  • Profit

Manual
Production Pattern
Making allowance with net dimension to bulk production
Manual/ Computerized
Grading
According to measurement chart and size breakdown grading is done for marker making. (It may be small to large or depends on the ages) It is frequently done by CAD to get more accuracy.
Manual/ Computerized
Marker Making
The marker is a thin paper which contains all the components of different sizes for a particular style of garments

Manual/ Computerized
Fabric Spreading
Spreading is done before cutting with the help of fabric spreader or manually. The marker is then spread over the fabric lay
Manual/ Computerized
Cutting
Cut the fabric according to marker dimension
Manual/ Computerized
Sorting & Bundling
Sort out the fabric according to size and for each size make in individual bundles
Manual
Sewing
Assemble a full garment
Manual
Washing
For woven garment washing is compulsory, especially denim garments are to be washed according to wash target. Others garments including knit also being washed.
Manual

Finishing
After washing the garments are to be attached others trims in  the  finishing section like as snap, button, rib or twill tape, shank etc and loose or hanging threads are cut in finishing.

Manual
Ironing
Now the garments are then applied to ironing and pressing.
Manual
Inspection
Should be approved as initial sample
Manual
Packing
Garments are packed with polyethylene bag by folding
Manual
Cartooning
After packing, it should be placed In cartooning for export
Manual
Dispatching
Hand over the cartoons to C&F to send to the final destination by air or sea.
Manual
 

About the Author

Md. Firoz Kabir(M.Sc in Textile Engineering)

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