Linen Fiber Processing Flowchart and Chemical Composition

Posted by Firoz Kabir on Saturday, June 29, 2013 0

http://textilerawmaterial.blogspot.com/Linen is the first natural fiber which was produced industrially from flax plant. this fiber obtained from the stems of the plant Linum usitatissimum are used to produce linen fabrics. Linen has been used for thousand of years. Flax is thought to have originated in the Mediterranean region of Europe, the Swiss lake dweller People produced flax for the fiber and seed. Linen was the preferred textile of the Ancient Egyptians who used it for fabrication, bed linen and mummies were wrapped by it. The Commercial use of linen started in 1753. At present France, China, Belgium and Holland produces most of the fax plant.



Linen processing flow chart


 Rippling
   ↓
Retting
  ↓
Dew-Retting

Dam or water Retting

Chemical Retting

Washing and Drying

Breaking

Scutching

Hackling




Chemical Composition of Linen



Component
Percentage
Cellulose
92%
Hemi-Cellulose
2%
Lignin
4%
Others
2%
Total
100%


Classification of Linen

Linen is classified into two types.

1. Short staple - Comparatively smaller in size and use to uneven linen yarns. It is also called as Tow.
2. Long staple - Longer size fiber, 12 to 20 inches. Used to make finer linen yarn. Alternative name of it is Line.
(Reference- Book: textile fiber and web: binhaitimes.com)

About the Author

Md. Firoz Kabir(M.Sc in Textile Engineering)

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